New York, 06 April, 2017
Pakistan said at the UN that the only way to assure fair regional representation on a reformed Security Council was by adding more elected seats.??
Participating in the resumed Inter Governmental Negotiations on Security Council reform, Pakistan's Ambassador to the UN, Dr. Maleeha Lodhi said that that it was only in the non-permanent category that seats are at present distributed according to an equitable geographic principle.
She said Pakistan wants to enhance the representation of UN membership in the Security Council in a geographically equitable manner, on the basis of the sovereign equality of States and the principles of democracy, accountability and effectiveness.?
"We believe that a principled, logic-based approach can enable the negotiations to address the legitimate aspirations of all regional, cross-regional and sub-regional groups”, she added.?
Referring to the G4 demand, without naming Germany, India, Brazil and Japan, who want permanent seats for themselves, she said, “It was the ambition for national power and privilege of some countries which has eclipsed the common and collective benefit of all UN Member States."
The Pakistani envoy stressed that in the political arena, the only way to ensure accountability was elections on fixed terms. "Absent elections", she said, "there is no genuine political representation”.
"This is why the concept of regional representation does not, and cannot be assured by the permanent category," she stressed.
The conclusion is simple, Ambassador Lodhi said, that increasing the size of the permanent category will add nothing to the Council’s representativeness. "The fact is that it is only the non-permanent category where seats are distributed according to equitable geographic distribution", she asserted.
Emphasizing the importance of accountability for better representation, Ambassador Lodhi said, that representation and accountability were inseparable concepts and when that representation ceases to exist when there is no accountability. "The more the accountability, the better the representation", she added.
With regard to representation of cross-regional and sub-regional groups, such as the OIC, Arab Group and Small Island Deevelping states,, Ambassador Lodhi said, “We believe that our options to address their aspirations will obviously increase with the increase in size that is available to meet these aspirations”.
“This is why the Uniting for Consensus (UfC), (which is led by Italy with strong support from Pakistan), “proposes a significant increase in the number of elected seats for Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America”, she added.
She also stated Pakistan’s position that every additional seat that increases the Security Council’s size “must contribute to the Council’s representativeness.” “Do we even have the luxury to serve each hard-fought additional seat on a platter to a single country for eternity?”, she asked .And she also posed another question : “Does it make sense to undermine the Council’s representativeness while ostensibly enhancing it?”
Ambassador Lodhi concluded by reiterating that the Council’s size and working methods represent one indivisible key issue of reform and said, “It would serve us well if they are treated in the same manner”.